Using Audio in Docker Container

dockerdev audio

In this post I’m going to show an example of playing audio in a Docker container.

Test Environment Setup

I’m going to use dotnet core 3.1 runtime image:

docker pull

Here’s my Dockerfile:


RUN apt-get update -y

RUN apt-get install mpg123 -y
RUN apt-get install wget -y

COPY ./ .
RUN chmod +x ./


and the script ( that plays the audio looks like this:



if [ ! -f $filename ]; then
    echo "File doesn't exist. Downloading."
    wget $url

# check if the audio player program exists. helpful to test the script individually on macOS
if hash mpg123 2>/dev/null; then
    echo "Playing file using mpg123"
    mpg123 $filename
elif hash afplay 2>/dev/null; then
    echo "Playing file using afplay"
    afplay $filename
    echo "No player could be found."    

I built the image with the following command:

docker build -t audio-test .

Testing the audio

Initially I rana container like this:

docker run audio-test

After running the container like this I got the error shown below:


The trick is ro run with the following parameter:

--device /dev/snd

So the full Docker run command looks like this:

docker run --rm --device /dev/snd audio-test


This was a long-winded setup for a very short solution but I enjoyed practicing with Bash scripting and Docker.

Unfortunately this solution works on Raspberry Pi only and not on Mac. Every resource I found points to installing Pulse Audio Server on macOS and Pulse Audio client in the Docker image. I haven’t tried it yet as it was beyond the scope of my requirements but I might need to implement it later in which case I will post about it.